Science Pacing Guide 2010-2011     Grade 4

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 4

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GRADE 4 SCIENCE  YEAR AT A GLANCE

Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Vocabulary
Resources

Science Investigation, Reasoning, and Logic

(Sept. 7- Sept. 24)

  • 4.1 a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h

Force, Motion, and Energy

(Sept. 27- Oct. 22)

  • 4.2 a, b, c, d


Force, Motion, and Energy

(Oct. 25-Nov. 9)

  • 4.3 a, b, c

 

Force, Motion, and Energy

(Nov. 10- Nov. 19)

  • 4.3 d, e, f
     

Life Processes

(Nov. 22- Dec. 21)

  • 4.4 a, b, c, d, 4.8b
     

Living Systems

(Jan. 3- Jan. 25)

  • 4.5 a, b, c, d, e, f, 4.8b

 

Interrelationships in Earth/ Space Systems

(Jan. 28- Feb. 25)

  • 4.6 a, b
     

Earth Patterns, cycles, and Change

(Feb. 28- Mar. 25)

  • 4.7 a, b, c, d


Resources

(Mar. 28- Mar. 31)

  • 4.8a

 

Resources

(April 1- April 15)

  • 4.8c, d

 

 

Grade 4 Science SOL Standards

4.1

4.2

4.3

4.4

4.5

4.6

4.7

4.8

Quarter 1


4.1          The student will plan and conduct investigations in which
 


a)
distinctions are made among observations, conclusions, inferences, and predictions
b) hypotheses are formulated based on cause-and-effect relationships
c) variables that must be held constant in an experimental situation are defined
d) appropriate instruments are selected to measure linear distance, volume, mass, and temperature
e) appropriate metric measures are used to collect, record, and report data
f) data are displayed using bar and basic line graphs
g) numerical data that are contradictory or unusual in experimental results are recognized
h) predictions are made based on data from picture graphs, bar graphs, and basic line graphs
 

Length

Released Test Items

Related Resources

Key Assessment Vocabulary

14 Days

(Sept. 7- Sept. 24)

 

2003-5

2003-10

2003-13

2003-16

2003-17

2003-22

2003-26

2003-37

2003-38

2004-6

2004-9

2004-11

2004-19

2004-20

2004-38

2004-40

2005-3

2005-5

2005-7

2005-16

2005-19

2005-27

2005-29

 

 

2005-37

2005-40

2007-8

2007-11

2007-18

2007-22

2007-29

2007-34

2008-2

2008-4

2008-6

2008-11

2008-15

2008-19

2008-27

2008-34

2009-1

2009-1

2009-19

2009-29

2009-32

2009-33

2009-37

 

Enhanced Scope and Sequence:

All activities in Enhanced Scope and Sequence have 4.1 integrated

 

Beaker

Graduated cylinder

Control group

Observation

Observe

Data

Constant variable

Consequence

Conclusion

Result

Centimeter

Meters

Millimeters

Grams

Milligrams

Liters

Milliliters

 

Analyze

Hypothesize

Average

Mean

Balance

Degree

Celsius

Fahrenheit

Inference

Prediction

Hypothesis

Experiment

Manipulated Variable

Responding Variable

 

Quarter 1

4.2  The student will investigate and understand characteristics and interaction of moving objects. Key concepts include


a)
motion is described by an object’s direction and speed
b)
forces cause changes in motion
c)
friction is a force that opposes motion
d) moving objects have kinetic energy
 

Length

Released Test Items

Related Resources

Key Assessment Vocabulary

19  Days

(Sept. 27- Oct. 22)

 

2003-15

2003-19

2004-13

2004-22

2005-32

2005-12

2007-9

2007-27

2008-3

2008-20

2008-25

2008-39

2009-12

2009-27
 

Textbook:

E4-E23

F4-F31

 

Enhanced Scope and Sequence:

Where Am I?

Investigating Motion, Using Inclined Plane

On Your Mark!/ Start Your Engines!

May the Force Be with You!

 

Energy form

Energy

Potential

Kinetic

Friction

Inertia

Effort

Force

Gravity

Isaac Newton

Speed

 

Quarter 1


4.3          The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of electricity. Key concepts include
 

 
a) conductors and insulators
b) basic circuits (open/closed, parallel/series)
c) static electricity

 

Length

Released Test Items

Related Resources

Key Assessment Vocabulary

16 Days

(Oct. 25-Nov. 9)

 

2003-32

2005-38

2007-25

2007-37

2008-14

2008-33

2008-38

 

Textbook:

F32-F39

F76-F87

 

Enhanced Scope and Sequence:

Circuits, Batteries, and Bulbs

Static Electricity

 

Conductors

Insulators

Open circuits

Parallel circuits

Series circuits

Pole

Repel

Attract

Magnetism

Magnetic fields

Current

 

 

Electro-magnet

Compass

Electricity

Static electricity

Dry cell

Ben Franklin

Michael Faraday

Thomas Edison

Lightning

Electrical Energy

 

Back to Top

 

Quarter 2


4.3          The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of electricity. Key concepts include

 


d)
the ability of electrical energy to be transformed into heat, light, and mechanical energy
e)
simple electromagnets and magnetism
f) 
historical contributions in understanding electricity
 

Length

Released Test Items

Related Resources

Key Assessment Vocabulary

8 Days

(Nov. 10- Nov. 19)

 

 

 

2004-20

2006-23

2009-13

2009-36

 

Textbook:

F88-F99

 

Enhanced Scope and Sequence:

Inventors

Electromagnets

 

Conductors

Insulators

Open circuits

Parallel circuits

Series circuits

Pole

Repel

Attract

Magnetism

Magnetic fields

Current

Electro-magnet

Compass

Electricity

Static electricity

Dry cell

Ben Franklin

Michael Faraday

Thomas Edison

Lightning

Electrical Energy

 

Quarter 2


4.4          The student will investigate and understand basic plant anatomy and life processes. Key concepts include
 


a)
the structures of typical plants (leaves, stems, roots, and flowers)
b) processes and structures involved with reproduction (pollination, stamen, pistil, sepal, embryo, spore, and seed)
c) photosynthesis (sunlight, chlorophyll, water, carbon dioxide, oxygen, and sugar)
d) dormancy
 


4.8          The student will investigate and understand important
Virginia
natural resources. Key concepts include
 


b) plants
 

Length

Released Test Items

Related Resources

Key Assessment Vocabulary

19 Days

(Nov. 22- Dec. 21)

 

2003-25

2004-2

2004-25

2004-29

2004-31

2004-37

2005-9

2005-17

2005-34

2006-10

2007-13

2007-28

2008-7

2008-12

2009-23

2009-28

2009-34

2009-40

 

Textbook:

A66-A91

 

 

Enhanced Scope and Sequence:

Little Sprouts

Let There Be Light!

Photosynthesis

Flower Dissection

 

Leaves

Stems

Roots

Flowers

Pollination

Reproduction

Stamen (filament, anther)

Pistil

Sepal

Embryo

Spore

Seed

Chlorophyll

Carbon dioxide

Photosynthesis

Dormancy

Dormant

Pollen

Nectar

Cone

Sugar

Fruit

Cross-pollination

Botany

Botanist

Oxygen

Fern

Mosses

 

Quarter 2


4.5          The student will investigate and understand how plants and animals in an ecosystem interact with one another and the nonliving environment. Key concepts include
 


a)
behavioral and structural adaptations
b)
organization of communities
c)
flow of energy through food webs
d)
habitats and niches
e)
life cycles
f)
influence of human activity on ecosystems
 


4.8          The student will investigate and understand important
Virginia natural resources. Key concepts include
 


b) animals
 

Length

Released Test Items

Related Resources

Key Assessment Vocabulary

16 Days

(Jan. 3- Jan. 25)

 

2003-6

2003-12

2003-34

2004-10

2004-15

2004-27

2005-6

2005-13

2005-21

2005-22

2006-1

2006-14

2006-17

2006-37

2007-15

2007-33

2008-1

2008-29

2008-32

2008-40

2009-15

2009-17

2009-38

 

Textbook:

A38-A51

B5-B13

B54-B63

B64-B75

 
Enhanced Scope and Sequence:

Hello from My Habitat!

Life in the Web

The Best Beak for the Job

Change is Good!

What Can We Do?

 

Ecosystem

Environment

Carnivore

Consumer

Producer

Decomposer

Food chain

Food web

Herbivore

Omnivore

Pollution

Predator

Prey

Hibernation

Decay

Ecology

Behavioral adaptation

Structural adaptation

Community

Niches

Habitat

Life cycle

Metamorphosis

Back to Top

 

Quarter 3


4.6          The student will investigate and understand how weather conditions and phenomena occur and can be predicted. Key concepts include
 

 
a)  weather measurements and meteorological tools (air pressure – barometer, wind speed – anemometer, rainfall – rain gauge, and temperature – thermometer); and weather phenomena (fronts, clouds, and storms).
 

Length

Released Test Items

Related Resources

Key Assessment Vocabulary

20 Days

(Jan. 28- Feb. 25)

 

2003-11

2004-5

2004-8

2004-32

2005-36

2005-39

2006-4

2006-8

2006-38

2007-23

2008-16

2009-24

 

Textbook:

D14-D25

D26-D35

D60-D75

D76-D91

 

 

Enhanced Scope and Sequence:

Precipitation and Temperature

Name That Cloud

Air Pressure

Storm Warning

 

Temperature

Air pressure

Front

Air mass

Anemometer

Barometer

Forecast

Humidity

Meteorology

Meteorologist

Precipitation

Atmosphere

Celsius

Fahrenheit

Climate

 

Cirrus           

Nimbus

Stratus

Cumulus

Condensation

Evaporation

Hail

Hurricane

Tornados

Water vapor

Sleet

Altitude

Dew

Thermometer

Rain Gauge

 

Quarter 3


4.7          The student will investigate and understand the relationships among the Earth, moon, and sun. Key concepts include
 


a)
the motions of the Earth, moon, and sun (revolution and rotation)
b)
the causes for the Earth’s seasons and phases of the moon
c)
the relative size, position, age, and makeup of the Earth, moon, and sun
d)
historical contributions in understanding the Earth-moon-sun system
 

Length

Released Test Items

Related Resources

Key Assessment Vocabulary

19 Days

(Feb. 28- Mar. 25)

 

2003-30

2004-26

2006-30

2005-1

2005-15

2006-2

2006-35

2006-40

2007-14

2007-32

2008-9

2008-17

2009-3

2009-8

2008-22

 

Textbook:

C64-C77

C78-C91

 

Enhanced Scope and Sequence:

What’s the Difference?

The Play’s the Thing

Sun-Earth-Moon Model

Moon Phases

 

Astronomy

Earth

Sun

Crater

Axis

Lunar

Solar

Revolve

Revolution

Rotate

Rotation

Equator

Orbit

Moon

Tilt

Gravity

 

Apollo

NASA

Solar system

Seasons

Waxing

Waning

Gibbous

Crescent

New moon

Aristotle

Ptolemy

Copernicus

Galileo

Apollo Mission

Phases

Full Moon

 

Quarter 3


4.8          The student will investigate and understand important Virginia natural resources. Key concepts include
 


a)
watershed and water resources
 

Length

Released Test Items

Related Resources

Key Assessment Vocabulary

4 Days

(Mar. 28- Mar. 31)

 

2003-17

2005-14

 

Textbook:

G1-G15

Enhanced Scope and Sequence:

Watersheds

A River Runs Through It

Journey of a Raindrop

 

Watershed

River

Lake bay groundwater

Reservoirs

Peninsula

Atlantic Ocean

Chesapeake Bay

Eastern Shore

Natural resources

Tide

Wetland

Great Dismal Swamp

Estuary

 

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Quarter 4


4.8          The student will investigate and understand important
Virginia natural resources. Key concepts include
 


c)
minerals, rocks, ores, and energy sources
d) forests, soil, and land
 

Length

Released Test Items

Related Resources

Key Assessment Vocabulary

11 Days

(April 1- April 15)

 

2008-22

2009-2

 

Textbook:

G1-G15

 

Enhanced Scope and Sequence:

A River Runs Through It

Forests

Virginia’s Mineral Resources

 

Headwaters

Blue crab

Oyster

Arable (farmed) land

Agriculture (farming)

Natural resource

Mineral

Coal

Limestone

Sand

Gravel

Fossil fuels

Granite

Natural Bridge

Luray Caverns

Natural Chimneys

 

 

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